TREATMENT AND CORRECTION OF STRETCH MARKS
What are stretch marks?
Stretch mark is a type of cicatrix. It is formed as a result of pregnancy, abrupt reducing of weight, long treatment with hormones, rapid growth during adulthood etc. There are a lot of reasons but the key point of the problem is rupture of collagen fibres or sharp decrease of collagen synthesis. Collagen fibres make up skin frame and take responsibility for skin strength and elasticity. So far 20 different types of collagen have been identified but only two of them are responsible for skin texture: Type1 and Type3 fibres. Those two types make up skin frame. Collagen fibres of Type 1 are able to stretch considerably and shrink accordingly. Collagen fibres of Type3 are not able to stretch to that great extent and they are easily disrupted. Skin elasticity and its liability to stretch marks formation is characterized by predominance of Type1 collagen fibres. Percentage ratio of these two types is passed on from one generation to another.
Mechanism of stretch marks formation.
2. Skin sagging and stretch mark formation.
In health there is a continual process of old collagen decay and new collagen synthesis inside skin layers. New collagen formation is conditioned by a number of factors such as healthy food (protein deficiency results in new collagen reduction), environmental factor (climate, radiation), harmful habits (alcohol, smoking) and vitamin C deficiency.
Liability to stretch marks formation.
Categories of people liable to stretch marks formation
- fat people
- pregnant women
- people in their adulthood
- people on low-calories diet
- patients getting hormones
- people with frequent weight changing
- people who are liable genetically
- women in menopause period
Methods for stretch marks treatment
It is not possible to inject molecular collagen through the outside of skin as molecule mass is bigger compared to intercellular space. Therefore, injections of animal collagen are applied to cure problem zone. Such procedure is painful. It often causes allergic reaction and the effect is temporary (3-6 months).
Surgical exeresis of stretch marks with intradermal stitching is followed by cicatrix formation. The operation is expensive due to delicate and painstaking procedure.
Mesotherapy does not give any visible effect. As a rule, patients refuse to continue their treatment after 3-4th procedure.
Microdermabrasion with aluminium microcrystals is long (each stretch mark is polished along the full length), moderately painful and needs 4-8 procedures through 3-4 weeks. Mechanical deep dermabrasion with Schumann and Shrews cutter causes bleeding, bad and long-lasting recovery alongside with deranged pigmentation.
Peelings with glycol acid (50-70%). After a month treatment by trethinoin and glycol acid cream the result is zero.
Laser treatment. Ablative laser systems include vaporizing of epidermis and partially derma in order to improve the outside of skin. Laser systems are not very effective for stretch marks treatment. Moreover, side effects exceed immensely the results expected. Non-ablative laser is successfully used for reducing redness. Though skin sagging is not curable.
We use a new combination of sandabrasion method, TSA-peeling and variable occlusion. This combined method is simple and fast (30-60 min. procedure) and painless. Number of procedures is not fixed as the effect is estimated after each procedure. When achieving positive effect the treatment is stopped. It usually takes 1-2 procedures through 2-3 months. Final results impress and the effect after such treatment is durable due to home collagen synthesis stimulated inside skin. This method is used for treatment of all kinds of stretch marks: new and old with hypotonic skin, located on abdomen, hips, buttocks or bust. It is known that the worse initial state is the better final result is.