Methods for treatment and correction of atrophic scar
Methods for hypertrophic scar and keloid treatment
Treatment and correction of stretch marks
Normatrophic scar treatment

Scar, cicatrix, strie, stretch marks, scar revision, acne scar, atrophic scar, hypertrophic scar, rolling scar, boxar scar, ice pick scar, keloide, peeling, microdermabrasion, laser treatment, corticosteroids, cryotherapy, silicone sheeting, compression.

Treatment and correction of scars

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TYPES OF SCARS

All scars are divided into the following types according to their outside and histological structure. They are normatrophic, atrophic, hypertrophic and keloid. The last two types make up a group of pathological scars.

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Normatrophic scar (flush with the outer surface of skin) is the most harmless of all scars. It is formed as a result of adequate reaction of body after an injury. After a while they become thin, colourless and they do not cause damage to body. As a rule, this type of cicatrices does not need any correction except those cases when improving esthetic look of the cicatrix, smoothing the surface or accelerating the colour normalization.



Atrophic scar (lower level to the outer surface of skin) is formed as a result of injury or inflammation. They are divided into 3 subgroups according to their shape: ice pick or pitted scar, rolling scar and boxar.

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The skin covering the atrophic scar is thin, flaccid with cross stippling (linear) and without pigmentation. Therefore, it is white in colour. These characteristic features are conditioned by connective tissue defect, collagen and elastin deficiency which are main proteins to form skin frame.

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Hypertrophic scar along with keloid is higher level to the surface of skin but unlike keloid it is located within the injured zone. It is formed after an operation and/or injury as a result of inadequate inflammation, secondary infection, decreasing of local immunity, endocrine dysfunction etc.


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Keloid exceeds considerably the size of the primary injury as a result of connective tissue vegetation after burns, injuries, inflammation or operation. Keloid scars are divided into active (vegetating) and inactive regardless how long they exist. They are mostly located on the ear lobe, decollete and shoulders. Active keloid spreads and aches causing the feeling of numbness as well as emotional disturbance. The outside of such scar is tense and red tinged with bluish. Inactive keloid neither vegetates nor causes disturbance. The outside of such cicatrix is pink or approaching to normal colour of skin.

A type of cicatrix can be identified at the beginning of its formation considering mechanism and origin of injury, its localization and depth. However, only the health expert is able to foresee and influence the process of formation of one cicatrix or another. Therefore, all cicatrices have to be observed and controlled by doctor.

The earlier the patient applies to doctor the more effective and faster the scar can be treated and corrected.


Normatrophic scar treatment    
BEFORE AFTER
Atrophy scars    
BEFORE AFTER
Scars of hypertrophies    
BEFORE AFTER
Keloid scars    
BEFORE AFTER
Stretchings    
BEFORE AFTER